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Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region.

Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region.

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Published by U.S. Dept. of the Interior in Washington .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Clay minerals - Great Plains

  • Edition Notes

    11

    The Physical Object
    Pagination28 p.
    Number of Pages28
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22016987M

    Mostly a dark, marine shale, roughly equivalent to the lower Pierre shale of areas to east and south, it represents another advance of the ancient sea. Bentonite beds near its base are evidences of volcanic activity far to the west, and of great windstorms which dropped much . Mixed-Layer Clay in the Pierre Shale and Equivalent Rocks, Northern Great Plains. Schultz, L.G. Notes on an Occurrence of Mica in Boulder County (Colorado). Schwarz, T.E. A Guide to Places in Colorado: Boulder County. Shaffer, Ray: A Guide to Places in Colorado: Boulder County. Shaffer, Ray. Thicknesses—Thickness of the Pierre Shale is 1, feet in the No. 1 Beaumeister well. Regionally the formation is beveled at the top; hence thicknesses may differ radically within short distances. James D. Bishop observed a possible fault zone in the core between 1, and 1, feet, near the base of the Pierre Shale. Geochemistry of water in aquifers and confining units of the northern Great Plains in parts of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming / by John F. Busby [et al.]. p. cm. (Regional aquifer-system analysis Northern Great Plains) (U.S. Geological Survey professional paper ; F) Includes bibliographical references.

    References. Abbott, R. T., , American seashells: Princeton, N.J., D. Van Nostrand, p. Adelseck, C. G., Jr., Geehan, G. W. and Roth, P. H., , Experimental.


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Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region. Download PDF EPUB FB2

MIXED-LAYER CLAY IN THE PIERRE SHALE AND EQUIVALENT ROCKS, NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGION By LEONARD G. SCHULTZ ABSTRACT Mixed-layer illite-smectite is the most abundant constituent in much of the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks. X-ray diffraction data on both peak positions and intensities have been used to distinguish illite- beidellite- andCited by: The Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks of Late Cretaceous age consist in the east-central Dakotas of several hundred feet of offshore-marine shale and minor marl; in west-central Montana near the sediment source the equivalents of the Pierre Shale consist of several thousand feet of volcanic-rich and mostly nonmarine sediments; and in the area between, both types of rock are separated by.

and properties of the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern. Great Plains region. Geochemistry of the Pierre Shale and Additional resources for this book can be found at: I A Mixed-layer clay in the pierre shale and equivalent rocks, northern great plains region I B Composition and properties of the pierre shale and equivalent rocks, northern great plains region I A Geology and energy resources of the sand butte rim nw quadrangle, sweetwater county, wyoming.

Abstract--Mixed-layer illite/smectite (I/S) clays in lower Eocene sediments of the Texas Gulf Coast de- crease in expandability with depth as found in previous studies of clay diagenesis, but at Author: James J.

Howard. Mixed-Layer clay in the Pierre Shale and northern Great Plains region. book rocks, Northern Great Plains Region. U S Geo/.

Sur Prof Pap IA, 28 p Shaw, H F Mineralogy and Petrology of the argillaceous sedimentary rocks of the U.K. Quart. the mixed-layer clay determinations are shown in Birchmier Mixed-Layer Clay in the Pierre Shale and.

Equivalent Rocks, Northern Great Plains, Geological Survey. Professional Paper B, United States Government Printing.

Office, Washington. Skempton, A.W. “Long-term stability of clay. Schultz, L.G. () Mixed-layer Clay in the Pierre Shale and Equivalent Rocks, Northern Great Plains Region. USGS Professional Paper, A, 28 pp. CrossRef Google Scholar Szczerba, M.S., Środoń, J., Skiba, M., and Derkowski, A.

() One-dimensional structure of exfoliated polymerlayered silicate nanocomposites: A polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) case study.

Schultz, L.G. Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre shale and equivalent rocks, Northern Great Plains Region. US Geological survey professional paper A. James Hutton inferred that the rocks below the contact at Siccar Point were vertical gray sandstone and shale and the rocks above were gently dipping red sandstone and conglomerate.

Therefore, the histories of these rocks: the Colorado Rockies and adjacent Great Plains. Geologists look at rocks that were once at great depth, create high.

Schultz, L. () Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, Northern Great Plains region: U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. A, 28 pp. Shapiro, L. and Brannock, W. () Rapid analysis of silicate, carbonate, and phosphate rocks: U.S.

Geol. Surv. Bull. A, 56 pp. Pollastro, R. and Barker, C. () Geothermometry from clay minerals, vitrinite reflectance, and fluid inclusions—applications to the thermal and burial history of rocks cored from the Wagon Wheel No. 1 well, Green River basin, Wyoming: in Geological Characteristics of Low-permeability Upper Cretaceous and Lower Tertiary Rocks in the Pindale Anticline Area, Sublette County, Wyoming, B.

Schultz, L. () Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region: U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. a, 28 pp. Środoń, J. () Correlation between coal and clay diagenesis in the Carboniferous of the Upper Silesian coal basin: Proceedings International Clay Conference, Oxford, – A similar distribution of bentonites was described in the lower part of the Pierre Shale in the northern Black Hills of South Dakota (Spivey, ).

Gill and Cobban () expanded the term Ardmore bentonite to Redbird, Wyoming, where they included all the thick bentonites in. Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region.

() Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region: U.S. Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region,Professional Paper A The Potential for Prophyry Copper-Molybdenum Deposits in the Eastern United States,Professional Paper E.

- clay: shale - silt mixed with clay: mudstone. The _____ of a sea across a region that was previously dry is caused by a rise in sea level and/or the lowering of the land surface. Carbonate rocks found in _____ environments are commonly massive, gray in color, and are erosion-resistant, whereas carbonate rocks found in.

shale sandstone limestone. Most sedimentary rocks form from. loose grains of sediment. Sediment. is the collective name for loose, solid particles of mineral. sediment originates from.

ring and erosion of preexisting rocks (detrital sediments). itation from solution, including secretion by organisms in water (chemical sediments.

the volume of water passing a fixed point per unit time, the product of a stream's velocity and channel cross-sectional area, influenced by channel width and depth, stream gradient, channel shape, and channel roughness.

Geological Origin of Clay Clay is a mineral 'stew' that is the result of the erosion of the earth's crust over vast spans of time. What was originally the mineral feldspar in igneous rocks, primarily granite, breaks down over time and becomes the microscopically fine-particled clay that we form with our bare hands.

PP A / Schultz, L. / MIXED-LAYER CLAY IN THE PIERRE SHALE AND EQUIVALENT ROCKS, NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGION,pb, 28 pages, 16 figs., 8 tables, $ 10 PP B / Schultz, L.

G., / COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES OF THE PIERRE SHALE AND EQUIVALENT ROCKS, NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS REGION,pb, pages, frontispiece, 1. and properties of the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, Northern Great Plains region: U.S.

Geological Survey Professional Paper B, p. Searight, W.V.,Lithologic stratigraphy of. Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region. Prof: Pap. US geol. Surv The preparation of oriented clay mineral specimens for X-ray diffraction analysis.

Figure 6: Cross section of Pierre Shale in northern Great Plains region (adapted from Schultz et al., ) 8 Mineralogical composition of Pierre Shale Major proportion of the Pierre Shale formation consists of clay stone that has little fissile and have few proportions of fissile, fine grained, clayey rock (Schultz et al., ).

An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk.

Software. An illustration of two photographs. Images. An illustration of a heart shape Donate. An illustration of text ellipses. The Gammon member of the Pierre shale of the northern Great Plains, USA, contains abundant siderite concretions (Gautier, ).

At Little Missouri field, southwestern North Dakota, Gammon reservoirs consist of discontinuous lenses and laminae of siltstone, less than 10 mm thick, enclosed by silty clay shale. USGS Professional Paper A: Mixed layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region.

By Leonard G. Schultz. (Geochemistry of the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks of Late Cretaceous age). Anticlines faults, salt domes, and strati-graphic pinch-outs.

A reservoir rock is a place that oil migrates to and is held underground. A cap rock is a layer of hand, impervious rock overlying and often reeling in a deposit of oil, gas, or coal.

The mineralogy, δO 18, and δD of the Mixed-layer illite/smectite (I/S) is the dominant mineral in the bulk bentonite and usually the only mineral in the. This formation is a Late Cretaceous marine clay-shale composed predominantly of fluvial mixed-layer illite/smectite and quartz.

During deposition of the shale, periodic and explosive volcanism generated thin beds of bentonite, consisting initially of volcanic ash and subsequently altered to.

Cretaceous rocks of Kansas are confined to the Great Plains physiographic province which, in the part of the state described in this guidebook, is divided into two contrasting sections, the Smoky Hills to the east and the High Plains to the west (figure 1).

West of the Fort Hays escarpment the High Plains section is underlain by Pierre. The mixed-layer clay is usually randomly stacked (R0), containing 20 to 60% illite layers.

J.G. BoerngenGeochemistry of the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks of Late Cretaceous age: composition and properties of the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, Northern Great Plains Region. US Geological Survey Professional Paper (). GEOLOGIC SETTING The Pierre Shale and equivalent stratigraphie units of Late Cretaceous age are preserved in a large area in the western interior region of North America (Fig.

or when more than half the rock consists of clay-sized material, then the concept that most of the elements occur predominantly in clay minerals is a necessary. tite (I/S) sample from an equivalent of the Pierre Shale with an estimated 20% expandability that was calculated to have only about 40% tetrahedral layer charge, but this sample is so Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains Region: U.S.

Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. The Mancos Shale or Mancos Group is a Late Cretaceous (Upper Cretaceous) geologic formation of the Western United States. The Mancos Shale was first described by Cross and Purington in [1] and was named for exposures near the town of Mancos, Colorado.

Clay mud, from the chemical breakdown of feldspars and ferromagnesian minerals in igneous, metamorphic and immature sedimentary rocks, and from reworked clay-bearing sedimentary rocks Dissolved calcite (calcium carbonate, CaCO 3, AKA lime), derived from calcium (Ca) weathered from common feldspars, and from reworked lime-bearing sedimentary rocks.

The Pierre shale forms the surface rock over most of the eastern half of North Dakota and South Dakota but its outcrop narrows toward the Black Hills due to the Tertiary overlap. Downdip from the outcrop it is everywhere found in the subsurface of both the Dakotas. The Pierre is dark to gray, uniform gumbo shale with several calcareous zones in.

The base of the overlying Pierre Shale is composed of the Burning Brule Member within the Sharon Springs Formation, the former of which is up to 24 m thick (Bertog, ).

The Burning Brule Member is a particularly organic-rich unit that has produced underground fires, likely due to the oxidation of pyrite, and in the study area, it varies from. Road-cut exposures commonly exhibit multiple cleavage directions and calcite veining.

Sevier Shale include relatively large amounts of organic material, thus acting as a potential hydrocarbon source rock in some parts of the region. Its fine-grained texture and low permeability allow this rock to form a good reservoir cap rock. Near Kremmling the Pierre Shale has been correlated with the Pierre Shale east of the Front Range, Colorado based on fossil evidence (Izett et al., ).

Maps of the Pierre Shale surrounding Kremmling were created by Hail () and Izett () and show the extent of the Pierre outcrops in the region (Figure 4) (Izett et al., ).

Shale is a soft, finely stratified sedimentary rock that formed from consolidated mud rich in clay minerals and can be split easily into fragile plates, such as along bedding plains (Figure ).

Shale forms from the compaction of sediment dominated by clays. Clays are composed of any microscopic mineral particles. Most dust is clay sized.Clark, D. L. Paedomorphosis, acceleration, and caono- genesis in the evolution of Texas Cretaceous ammonoids. 2 Cobban, W. A* Lover Cretaceous ammonites in Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana.

3 Colorado Shale of central and northwestern Montana and equivalent rocks of .The term Kootenai formation was introduced in Montana by Fisher () for coal-bearing rocks below the Colorado shale in the Great Falls area.

The Kootenai of western Montana is approximately the equivalent of Kootenay plus Blairmore in the Crowsnest Pass area of Alberta.